Shape of Kidney:
Our kidneys are two bean-shaped organs. Their size is equal to our fists. They are located near the middle of our back, just below the rib cage.
Function of kidneys:
The kidneys play a major role in our body. They act as a filter. Their major function is to clean our blood and excrete the waste products from the body. Every day, a person’s kidneys process about 200 quarts of blood to sift out about 2 quarts of waste products and extra water. Regulating blood pressure is also done by kidneys. Another important role of kidneys is to regulate vitamin D activation, which helps to maintain calcium levels and calcium levels affect the health of the bones.
Types of Kidney diseases:
There are 2 types of Kidney diseases. One is known as acute kidney failure whereas another is known as chronic kidney failure. It has been seen that in acute kidney failure the kidneys lost their working capacity very quickly. Usually it occurs due to some shocking event such as an accident or drug side effect etc. Acute kidney failure may be resolved and the kidneys may return to normal function after a period of time
The chronic kidney disease happens gradually, usually months to years. In chronic kidney failure it is said that the kidneys have been damaged permanently and will not recover. Uncontrolled high blood pressure and diabetes are the most common causes of kidney failure.
How to abstain from kidney diseases:
Taking care of kidneys early literally save your life. Remember that kidney diet plays a vital role in it. Drinking at least 8 glasses of water each day is very important in this regard. Follow the healthy eating plan. Avoid eating too many cold foods and iced drinks and include ocean foods in your diet. Keep away from overeating or eating late at night. In addition you should consult with your doctor in this regard. If you already have kidney problems, you must avoid meat, milk, cheese, and eggs.
Sometimes detection of kidney diseases is not easy and not always shows clear symptoms. However if you see any of these symptoms you should contact your doctor immediately. When the kidneys are not able to clean the blood of waste products it is known as failure of kidneys.
Symptoms of kidney failure:
Symptoms of kidney failure are as under:
- Shortness of breath
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Irregularities in waste products
- Bloody stools
- Yellowish-brown cast to your skin
- Poor appetite
- Feeling pain while urinating
- Nausea and vomiting
- High blood pressure
Keep in mind that all of these symptoms are immediately ring alarm bells and need immediate adjustments to your diet as well as lifestyle. If you want to prevent kidney damage you should keep your blood pressure below 130/80. For some people, a higher blood pressure goal may be better. It is better to consult with doctor what numbers are best for you.
More precautions to avoid kidney disease:
Take only a little amount of salt in your food because if it is ingested in excess, it can cause an imbalance and cause their accumulation in the kidneys, which would finally lead to kidney dysfunction.For keeping a good health it is necessary to have your kidneys checked at least once a year by having your urine tested for protein. This test is called the urinary albumin test, in addition you should also have your blood tested at least once a year for creatinine.